Monday, November 5, 2007

HIV IS A VIRUS NOT A MORAL ISSUE;

I’m Edward K Chaka, an intern from sierra visions. I am 23 years old, a premed student of College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences (COMAHS) university of Sierra Leone.

HIV IS A VIRUS NOT A MORAL ISSUE.

I started working on the 11th September 2007 for the NATIONAL HIV/AIDS CONTROL PROGRAMME (NACP) under the VCCT (voluntary confidential counseling and testing), ART (antiretroviral therapy) and PMTCT (prevention of mother-to-child transmission) at Connaught hospital, Freetown.
I’m working under the supervision of both the VCCT/ART and PMTCT co-ordinators.

BE CAREFUL
HIV TODAY
AIDS TOMORROW


I was placed at the reception on the first day. At the reception you receive patient and direct them to the Doctor’s office if the patient want to see a Doctor or if the patient is for drugs, he/she will be directed to the ART room. If a patient comes for a VCCT test, he/she will be sent to the VCCT room.

All patient on ARV (antiretroviral) drugs has a card with a number (code) corresponding to his/her file. At the reception, you collect the card from the patient, enter his/her particulars in the ledger and then search for his/her file and placed it on the Doctor’s desk if the patient want to see a doctor. Some patient only come to collect their drugs supply, they don’t need to see a Doctor so they will go straight to the ART room. Also there are people coming for voluntary testing, you send then to the VCCT room for counseling and testing

The Programme manager strongly advice me that nobody have a right to disclose someone HIV/AIDS status to any body unless the person wishes to do so.
I worked at the reception for three days. It was a wonderful experience.

CHILDERN
AVOID AIDS
SAY NO TO SEX


On the 14th September, I was taken to the VCCT room where they do pre-counseling before testing.
VCCT is a process by which a person willingly offers him/herself to be tested after a confidential counseling.

This process enables individuals to examine their knowledge and behavior in relation to their personal risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). It also helps the individual to decide whether or not they should be tested and provides individual support when they received their HIV status
Furthermore, it will help you know and cope with your HIV status.
VCCT can only be undertaking with the informed consent of the individual. VCCT test can be treated with the utmost. Everybody can be volunteer but no body should be forced. Even a minor’s consent has to be sought before an HIV test can be down. No payment is required for VCCT services…….

GO FOR YOUR HIV TEST TODAY
HIV TEST IS FREE
IT IS CONFIDENTIAL


PROCEDURE FOR HIV TESTING.

First you introduce yourself to the client and tell the client that he/she has been referred for HIV test. Tell him/her what is HIV, the means by which people get infected, what the virus does to you when you become infected, what are some of the signs and symptoms and treatment. You fill in the consent form by entering the following details; code, age, sex, marital status, marriage type, occupation, client’s address, client attitude, counselor’s name and signature, client name and signature and date.

Remove the test device from the foil pouch; place it on a flat, dry surface. a sterile lancet is use to piece the fingertip and then applied the blood on the determine strip and a drop of chase buffer(to speed up the reaction),and a drop of blood also on the SD Bio Line sample well (standard diagnostic) and a four drops of assay diluent in to the sample well. As the test begins to work, you will see a purple color move across the result window in the centre of the device. The result should be read and interpret test result in 5 to 20 min. test result should not be read after 20 min,reading too late can give false results.

YOU CAN SAVE LIVES WHEN YOU KNOW YOUR HIV STATUS


INTERPRETATION OF RESULT:
A color band will appear in the left section of the result window to show that the test is working properly. The band is a control line marked C. Another color bands will appear in the middle and right section of the result window. These bands are test line 2 and test line 1 (2 , 1).

The presence of only control line C within the result window indicates a negative result (-ve).

The presence of two lines as control line C and test line 1 within the result window indicate a positive result (+ve) for HIV – 1.

The presence of two lines as a control line C and test line 2 within the result window indicate a positive (+ve) result for HIV – 2

The presence of three lines as control line C, test line 1 and test line 2 within the result window indicates a positive (+ve) result for HIV – 1 and HIV 2.

If the color intensity of the test line 1 is darker than one of test line 2 in the result window you can interpret the result as HIV-1 positive. Also if that of test line 2 is darker than one of test line 1 in the result window, you can interpret the result as HIV-2 positive.

No presence of control line C within the result window indicates an invalid result. The direction may not have been followed correctly or the test may have deteriorated. It is recommended that the specimen be re-tested.

Although a positive result for HIV 1 and HIV 2 in one patient is a rare case, it’s possible as there is a homology in the amino acid sequence between HIV 1 and HIV 2. to determine the virus type or diagnose a co-infection accurately, you must perform a confirmatory test.

After the interpretation of the result, either negative or positiv,you fill in the laboratory result form if it is a referred case which the patient has to take to his/her Doctor. If the patient comes for a voluntary test, there is no need to fill the lab result form.

Heterosexual transmission remains the dominant mode of transmission and account for about 85% of all HIV-1 infections. A defining feature of the pandemic in the current decade is the increasing burden of HIV-1 infection in women, which has additional implications for mother-to-child transmission. HIV-1 infection rates are three to six times higher in female adolescents than in their male counterparts. This difference is attributed to sexual coupling patterns of young women with older men, hence a quarter of all new HIV 1 infections are in adults aged younger than 25 years. Population prevalence of HIV 1 infection, concurrent sexual relationships, partner change, sexual pratices, the presences of other sexually transmitted dieases, and population mobility patterns for economic and other reasons (e.g. natural disasters and wars) further increases the probability of HIV 1 acquisition.

LET’S USE CONDOM TO PROTECT OURSELVES FROM
HIV/AIDS.
I CARE FOR MY LIFE AND YOURS TOO

8 comments:

Mary Robert said...

Good day My Name is mike mougar i am here to share a great testimony of my life i was cure from HIV by a Doctor Name DR CUBA i have been HIV for 5 year i saw doctor Email on the internet so i contact him and i explain to him i follow up the instruction behold 6 days later after taking the cure i went for a HIV text to my surprise it was Negative my family doctor was surprise my husband who abandon me was surprise my brother if you no that you are positive please i will advise you to contact him now and see for your self his Email is drcubatemple@gmail.com why is website is......[ www.dr-cubatemple.webs.com] and also you can contact him on whatsapp +2347038965900

Anna Luccy said...

Happiness is all i see now I never thought that I will live on earth before the year runs out. I have been suffering from a deadly disease (HIV) for the past 3 years now; I had spent a lot of money going from one places to another, from churches to churches, hospitals have been my home every day residence. Constant checks up have been my hobby not until this faithful day, I was searching through the internet, I saw a testimony on how DR. CUBA helped someone in curing his HIV disease, quickly I copied his email which is drcubatemple@gmail.com just to give him a test I spoke to him, he asked me to do some certain things which I did, he told me that he is going to provide the herbal cure to me, which he did, then he asked me to go for medical checkup after some days after using the herbal cure, I was free from the deadly disease, he only asked me to post the testimony through the whole world, faithfully am doing it now, please brothers and sisters, he is great, I owe him in return. if you are having a similar problem just Email is drcubatemple@gmail.com why is website is......[ www.dr-cubatemple.webas.com] and also you can contact on whatsapp +2347038965900

Valencia Grimsley said...


Hello everyone out there,Do you know that there is a great Herbal doctor who can cure any deadly disease? Like Cancer, Hiv, syphilis, diabetes, herpes madness, low spam count And also bring back your Lover e.t.c. Well my main reason why i am writing this right now is to inform the whole world about the great deeds, Dr.Ebosa did for me. I was diagnosed of this deadly disease in the year 2007 ever since then i was taking my medications, until i met the great herbal doctor, though i never believed in herbal med. I saw many testimonies on how a great herbal doctor cured their deadly diseases. I contacted him through his phone number. I called him, he asked me to send him my email, which i did. He gave me a form to fill, I filled it and send it back to him. He told me that he required some items in which he will use in preparing the herbal medicine for me. I don't know where to find the items he required. He told me that the only alternative is for me to send him the money, then he can help me to purchase the items from the items sellers. I promised myself to do anything to get cured. I sent him the money. He bought the items and he prepared the herbal medicine and send to me through courier service delivery and i make use of it as he instructed. few weeks later he asked me to go for check-up, when i did the check-up i was tested HIV Negative. If you are passing through hardship and you need a way out, kindly contact him via his email on ebosaherbalremedy@hotmail.com or http://ebosaherbalremedy.blogspot.com/

Pauline Bernard said...

Good Day Every one,I am Paulina Bernard, i just want to say a big thank you to Dr TUGALA who just CURE my HIV/AIDS words are not enough to express my thanks to you, i say may God bless you and your family.. Dr Tugala help me without charges. My beloved if you are reading my article and you have such problem please do contact DR TUGALA for help...............

IF YOU ALSO NEED SOLUTION IN THE FOLLOWING PROBLEM,CONTACT HIM AS WELL

1) If you want TO GET PREGNANT
2) if you WANT UR EX BACK
3) You want women/men to run after you.
4) if you want to stop your DIVORCE.
5) if you want to divorce your husband
6) Do you need a good job or you need a promotion in your place of work, contact Dr Tugala


DR TUGALA CONTACT INFORMATION
TELEPHONE NUMBER:+2347023963189
WHATAPP NUMBER:+2347023963189
EMAIL: acubespiritualhome@live.com
WEBSITE:http://acubespiritualhome.wix.com/dr-tugala#!our-services--treatments/c1182

Pauline Bernard said...

Good Day Every one,I am Paulina Bernard, i just want to say a big thank you to Dr TUGALA who just CURE my HIV/AIDS words are not enough to express my thanks to you, i say may God bless you and your family.. Dr Tugala help me without charges. My beloved if you are reading my article and you have such problem please do contact DR TUGALA for help...............

IF YOU ALSO NEED SOLUTION IN THE FOLLOWING PROBLEM,CONTACT HIM AS WELL

1) If you want TO GET PREGNANT
2) if you WANT UR EX BACK
3) You want women/men to run after you.
4) if you want to stop your DIVORCE.
5) if you want to divorce your husband
6) Do you need a good job or you need a promotion in your place of work, contact Dr Tugala


DR TUGALA CONTACT INFORMATION
TELEPHONE NUMBER:+2347023963189
WHATAPP NUMBER:+2347023963189
EMAIL: acubespiritualhome@live.com
WEBSITE:http://acubespiritualhome.wix.com/dr-tugala#!our-services--treatments/c1182

Pauline Bernard said...


ALL THESE PROBLEMS CAN BE SOLVED BY DR TUGALA

1. He has got charms/spell to take away bad luck & give good luck in life
2. He fix broken relationships, marriages
3. He treats Barrenness
4. He fight evil/ witchcraft/ ghost/bad spell/curses/bad dreams& cleans homes.
5. He bring back lost lover/family
6. He Makes court cases/divorces/bad debts to disappear.
7. He has herbs for losing weight
8. He solve financial and domestic difficulties
9. He has a spell charm to bring back stolen goods.
10. He has got a sale quick potions to boost customers in business.
11. He can make you gain promotions at work place.
12. He can make your admired partner to be yours.
13. He has herbs to make long live with HIV
14. He has something to make you have lot of children.
15. He has a spell/charms that can make you have a good job.
16. He can stop someone to interfere in your love relationship/family
17. He has mixtures of herbs for sexual weakness.
18. He has herbs to enlarge your sexual system to satisfy your partner.
19. He cure madness/stress/long illnesses.
20. He treat sexual transmitted infections quickly.
21. He has lucky spells/charm to increase your wealth.
22. He has charms for gambling/lotto/ casinos.
23. He has powerful herbs for curing quick ejaculation.
24. he has charms to protect away from car robbers/hijacker/properties attack& Etc
NAME : Dr TUGALA
EMAIL:acubespiritualhome@live.com or you can call him

CONTACT INFORMATION
TELEPHONE NUMBER:+2347023963189
WHATAPP NUMBER:+2347023963189
EMAIL: acubespiritualhome@live.com
WEBSITE:http://acubespiritualhome.wix.com/dr-tugala#!our-services--treatments/c1182

Pauline Bernard said...

ALL THESE PROBLEMS CAN BE SOLVED BY DR TUGALA
1. He has got charms/spell to take away bad luck & give good luck in life
2. He fix broken relationships, marriages
3. He treats Barrenness
4. He fight evil/ witchcraft/ ghost/bad spell/curses/bad dreams& cleans homes.
5. He bring back lost lover/family
6. He Makes court cases/divorces/bad debts to disappear.
7. He has herbs for losing weight
8. He solve financial and domestic difficulties
9. He has a spell charm to bring back stolen goods.
10. He has got a sale quick potions to boost customers in business.
11. He can make you gain promotions at work place.
12. He can make your admired partner to be yours.
13. He has herbs to make long live with HIV
14. He has something to make you have lot of children.
15. He has a spell/charms that can make you have a good job.
16. He can stop someone to interfere in your love relationship/family
17. He has mixtures of herbs for sexual weakness.
18. He has herbs to enlarge your sexual system to satisfy your partner.
19. He cure madness/stress/long illnesses.
20. He treat sexual transmitted infections quickly.
21. He has lucky spells/charm to increase your wealth.
22. He has charms for gambling/lotto/ casinos.
23. He has powerful herbs for curing quick ejaculation.
24. he has charms to protect away from car robbers/hijacker/properties attack& Etc
NAME : Dr TUGALA
EMAIL:acubespiritualhome@live.com or you can call him

CONTACT INFORMATION
TELEPHONE NUMBER:+2347023963189
WHATAPP NUMBER:+2347023963189
EMAIL: acubespiritualhome@live.com
WEBSITE:http://acubespiritualhome.wix.com/dr-tugala#!our-services--treatments/c1182

Pauline Bernard said...


My Father also have same problem last year. My Daddy of 68 years who has suffered of diabetes for one and half years has been cured by a Herbal doctor called Dr. Tugala from Africa with his herbal Remedy. I asked for solutions, he started the remedy for my Father, he sent me the medicine through empress mail delivery. He took the medicine as prescribed by (DR. Tugala) And one week and 4 days later my father was cured from diabetes wish he has been suffering for since one and half years Now i Believe Africa have herbals medicine it also work faster. You can also contact Dr Tugala on his email or telephone number, i hope this help you too.

CONTACT NUMBER: +2348111959371
WHATAPP NUMBER: +2348111959371
EMAIL: acubespiritualhome@live.com
WEBSITE: http://acubespiritualhome.wix.com/dr-tugala#!our-services--treatments/c1182